Facial reconstruction from remains recovered during excavations at St Giles Cathedral, Edinburgh, Scotland.
The remains are believed to date from the 12th-14th Century. 'They were its first official inhabitants.’”
Images are the property of The City of Edinburgh Council (CEC) and the artist.
'These were really important excavations when they were carried out as some of the remains date back to when Edinburgh became a royal burgh at the start of the 12th century, when St Giles' was first constructed. But the church you see today was a lot bigger than what was originally on the site.
There are five very distinct graveyards, each covering about 100 years, with the earliest dating from the very foundation of Edinburgh as we know it today.
For full archaeological report please paste this link into browser:
Archaeological excavations in St Giles' Cathedral Edinburgh journals.socantscot.org › index.php › sair › article › download
Further information on the history of the cathedral is available from St Giles Cathedral's website.
From 2007 to 2009 a programme of archaeological investigations were carried out as part of the Edinburgh tram project when there was an unexpected discovery of two cemeteries. ‘The excavations at Constitution Street in Leith revealed the largest archaeological assemblage of human remains to date. A total of 305 in situ inhumations were recovered plus the remains of a further minimum 73 disarticulated individuals. The burials exhibited a variety of grave types, age and gender, as would be expected in a parish graveyard of this period. Constitution Street itself post-dates the late medieval foundation of the church. The current layout dates to early 1790s when Constitution Road was extended southwards across South Leith Parish Graveyard to connect with the north end of Leith walk' (Franklin, Lawson and Wilson, 2019)
Facial reconstruction from remains recovered during excavations in Leith, Edinburgh, Scotland during excavations for the tram works. Images are the property of The City of Edinburgh Council (CEC) and the artist.